What is skin aging and how to prevent it?

The Role Of Vitamin C Serums In Skin Care.

What is skin aging and how to prevent it?

Vitamin C for wrinkle free Skin

Skin aging is a physiological phenomenon and therefore inevitable, but it is still possible to slow it down and maintain toned and fit skin. Find how!

Eternal youth is a theme that has involved generations of painters, writers and cinematographers, all with the aim of crystallizing the most flourishing moment of existence: youth. Although we are aware that a beauty elixir does not really exist, just as a picture cannot age in our place, skin aging can be slowed down naturally and effectively with help of best vitamin c serum in pakistan.

The stages of skin aging

Skin aging is a phenomenon that takes place gradually, giving man time to get used to the changes in the skin. But when does it start to age? We could summarize the stages of skin age as follows:

•             Between the ages of 20 and 30 the skin remains young and healthy. The fibers are elastic and able to retain water, while the cells regenerate without too much trouble. However, based on food and social habits, it happens that the start of skin aging already coincides with the threshold of 25 years, when the skin structure begins to sag and thin, carrying on the premature skin aging process.

•             Between the ages of 30 and 40, the first signs of aging begin with the infamous wrinkles around the nose, lips and eyes.

•             After the age of 40, wrinkles become more marked and the skin relaxes further, cell reproduction slows down and the integumentary system loses tone.

The main signs of how the face changes over the years

The signs of aging skin affect all its layers, from the most superficial (epidermis) to the deepest (hypodermis), whether it is the skin of the face or the body. Specifically we can recognize the following signs of aging:

•             thinning of the skin and the consequent decrease in its protective function. Langerhans cells, essential for the immune defense, are halved, making the skin sensitive and more vulnerable to external agents.

•             Decrease in vitamin D synthesis, which leads to a considerable loss of muscle tone and other collateral aspects, such as those related to bone health (primarily osteoporosis).

•             Formation of skin spots and dyschromias concentrated in the areas affected by sun damage, with the relative increased risk of melanoma. Indeed, we consider that unprotected exposure to the sun is responsible for premature aging of the skin in 80% of cases.

•             Sagging skin, which leads to an inability of the various layers of the skin to support each other.

•             Less sebum production due to changes in the sebaceous glands of the skin, which slow down their activity, resulting in dry and flaky skin.

All these aspects, aggravated by incorrect eating habits and an unbalanced lifestyle, determine the progress of skin aging and the appearance of the first wrinkles.

The causes of skin aging

The main causes of skin aging are linked to genetic and physiological factors (intrinsic factors), to external causes (environmental factors) and also to consequences linked to inner health (psychophysical factors).

Intrinsic factors

Genetic causes are those related to the natural passage of time. As already mentioned, some cells responsible for the defense of the skin (Langerhans cells) decrease, as well as the cells responsible for the production of collagen and elastic fibers due to the decrease in estrogen . Additionally, blood flow to the dermis is reduced, resulting in a decreased ability to diffuse heat and resulting in drier, dehydrated skin.

External and environmental factors

Cigarette smoke certainly appears among the most harmful environmental causes for the skin; pollution; _ the abuse of alcohol; constant contact with irritants; solar radiation, which leads to the so-called photo aging (or photo induced aging). Precisely this type of aging causes a degeneration of the epidermis, which decreases the content of hyaluronic acid and collagen, leads to the appearance of wrinkles and a reduction in elasticity.

Psychophysical factors

The psychic and emotional component is not totally disconnected from the risks of premature aging and skin health. Even inner worries affect the appearance of wrinkles and skin in general, so much so that prolonged stress and anxiety states could even turn off skin color. The same goes for some bad habits. For example, staring at a screen for a long time, frowning and keeping your gaze down, can lead to premature wrinkles in the neck and forehead.

How to prevent skin aging

Vitamin C: studies confirm its effectiveness

There are numerous studies that confirm the properties of vitamin C applied topically. This happens because ascorbic acid preserves existing collagen production. Several studies, in fact, have observed the effects of applying topical ascorbic acid for a period of 3 months on 19 subjects aged between 36 and 72 years with photo-damaged skin.

The test, as expected, yielded significant improvements in fine lines, texture and skin tone.

Among the various products that can be formulated with vitamin C are lightening serums, designed to treat hyperpigmentation of the skin, such as our Timeless best vitamin c serum in Pakistan, designed specifically for mature skin damaged by the sun.

A study performed in the Dermatology Department of the Kitasato University School of Medicine , in Sagamihara, Japan, observed that vitamin C led to an effective lightening of melasma and freckles in 19 of the 34 patients involved in the research.

Of course, not all Best vitamin C serum is created equal. On the market, in fact, there are products with different concentrations and formulations in which ascorbic acid is the only constituent or is combined with other active ingredients (such as hyaluronic acid). Much depends on the goal you want to achieve and the type of skin (acneic, sensitive, etc.) to be treated.

What is certain is that vitamin C cannot be missing from the arsenal of weapons available to prevent and treat our natural aging process as much as possible.


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